Hammertoe Surgery

Hammertoe surgery refers to a procedure done to correct a type of foot deformation known as a hammertoe. While in many cases non-surgical treatments combined with physical therapy are enough to relieve toe pain, sometimes hammertoe surgery is necessary.

If you suffer from toe pain caused by a hammertoe that has not responded to conservative treatment, contact the experts at the Foot and Ankle Surgery Center of Excellence. Our world-renowned foot pain specialists will help you get the treatment you need. Call us today at 888.225.0763 or send an email to set up your appointment.

What Is a Hammertoe?

A hammertoe is a type of foot deformity in which a toe stays in a bent or flexed position. This condition is called hammertoe when it affects the center joint of the toe. This same condition is called a mallet toe when it affects the joint toward the end of the toenail. Both hammertoe and mallet toe occur most often in the toe beside the big toe.

The most common causes of hammertoe are:

  • Footwear – such as high-heels or other shoes that crowd the toes
  • Biomechanical Abnormalities that cause tendon imbalance in the foot and in the toes (Abnormal Pronation)
  • Hereditary Causes
  • Injury – trauma to the toe, including a stub, jam, or break
  • Nerve damage – this includes nerve damage that occurs with conditions such as stroke or diabetes

The most common risk factors for developing a hammertoe are:

  • Length of toe – if the toes are longer than the big toe they are more susceptible
  • Sex – women are more likely to develop a hammertoe than men
  • Age – the susceptibility to hammertoe increases as we age

When a hammertoe first develops it may continue to lay flat when the patient isn’t wearing crowded shoes. Over time, however, the toe may become permanently locked in a curled or bent position resulting in corns, calluses, and pain.

Hammertoe Surgery

There are a number of surgeries that can be used to fix a hammertoe. Your foot doctor will work with you to find the specific hammertoe surgery that works best. Some of the most common types of surgery include:
Hammertoe Surgery

  • Fusing the joints to straighten the toe
  • Removing parts of the bones in the toe
  • Cutting or transplanting the tendons the toe

At the Foot and Ankle Surgery Center of Excellence, hammertoe surgery is an outpatient procedure, meaning you’ll be able to go home the same day to rest and recover in a familiar environment.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: How long does it take to recovery from hammertoe surgery?

A: It generally takes about 6 weeks for complete hammertoe surgery recovery. Many patients are able to return to normal shoe gear and regular activity after 2 to 3 weeks.

Q: What are the non-surgical options for hammertoe treatment?

A: Common non-surgical hammertoe treatments include anti-inflammatory medicine, physical therapy, foot orthotics, toe pads, toe splints, and cortisone injections.

Q: When should I seek treatment for my hammertoe? 

A: Patients often seek treatment when they become dissatisfied with the look of their feet, have difficulty wearing shoes, or develop pain and calluses on the toe.

Q: How do I know if I need hammertoe surgery?

A: The best way to determine if hammertoe surgery is right for you is to talk to an expert foot doctor such as those at the Foot and Ankle Surgery Center of Excellence.

Contact a Los Angeles Podiatrist

Are suffering from toe pain due to a hammertoe? Have other non-surgical options failed to work for you? Then don’t hesitate to contact the experts at the Foot and Ankle Surgery Center of Excellence. You can call us today or email to set up your consultation and find out if hammertoe surgery is right for you.

Next, learn about broken ankle surgery.